Alerts In Effect Dismiss. Civilian Conservation Corps Reunion. Shenandoah National Park, as we know it today, would look very different without the work of the CC boys. Social time for CCC Reunion alumni to meet with friends, family, and visitors. Snacks and beverages will be provided. Greetings and remarks from the Park. Lunch available in the Big Meadows Dinging Room. A field trip will be determined on the day of the reunion depending on weather. Dan Herney, music, including songs from the s and s in the Mountain Room. The Reunion is officially over for the day.
CCC, wives, and guests will be on their own. Grant reported to Director Fechner that the morale of the men in Company "seems to be very high. In Special Investigator Grant's September 26, letter to Director Fechner he also mentions that the enrollees had been issued individual toilet articles rather than the "bevier kit.
Harold Ickes, Secretary of the Interior, wrote in his diary that the "toilet kit squabble" was just another political attack on President Roosevelt. According to Grant's inspection conducted the week of September 25, , Company 's work project consisting of constructing fire lines, thinning stands of timber, maintaining motorways and constructing roads on the Choctawhatchee National Forest under the supervision of Mr. The size of the work project, according to the inspection record, was , acres.
There were enrollees assigned to the forest work, while 25 enrollees were detailed to work in the camp. Another 39 men had been hired locally to the work project, and there were seven men employed by the Forest Service working as supervisors. By the time of the writing of the company history for the annual, Company was maintaining four fire lookout towers, which included the construction and painting of the towers and the landscaping of the tower sites.
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They had performed timber stand improvement on 37, acres. They had constructed 32 miles of telephone lines and were maintaining 57 miles of telephone line. They had built miles of fire lines and were maintaining miles of fire lines. They had built 80 miles of truck trails and were maintaining miles of truck trails. They had surveyed, cleared and stumped 80 acres for a landing field, and built two structures and two towers with 56 acres of landscaping. By January of , there were 11 fire lookout towers on the Choctawhatchee National Forest, and the towers were being manned by the junior enrollees.
Special Investigator Neill McL. Coney, Jr. McEntee, the Assistant Director of the CCC, on January 25, following an inspection and recommended that using local experienced men LEM's as fire tower observers would be less expensive and more effective than using the enrollees.
The Army required that two enrollees had to be on duty at all times at ten of the towers. The Army had also been requiring that the Forest Service supply the towers with food for the men each day. This had recently been changed to once a week, but this was still requiring the Forest Service to drive miles to visit the ten towers.
The Forest Service also contended that is was unnecessary to have two enrollees at each tower. Using LEM's would be more effective as they were more familiar with the country and could more accurately report the locations of forest fires. Further, the tower sites were equipped with a small house for the towerman. The families of the LEM's could live in these houses assuring the continual presence of the observer. The tower sites were also equipped with telephones and sanitary facilities. According to the letter, both the Forest Service and the Army had approved of the suggestion.
Several issues of the newsletter were archived at the University of Florida. Between April and September , Company produced the Valparaiso News , or submitted articles in the local paper of the same name Valparaiso is on the western side of Boggy Bayou about a mile west of Niceville. These issues were archived at the University of Chicago.
He was replaced by Captain Ben L. Tew served as company commander until February of when he was replaced by Captain W. Captain Bridges was in command for only six weeks before being replaced by Captain D.
Haven, who served as company commander until December of He was replaced by Lieutenant Leland L. At the time of the February 12 th article, the other officers in camp were Lieutenant Ellis F. Hoffman, serving as the Finance and Exchange Officer. Andrews arrived at the camp to be the camp educational advisor on March 13, McGriff of Niceville was the contract physician. The camp newsletters give some of the best insight to life in Camp F With the ebb and flow of company morale, it was recorded that since the arrival of Lt. Stokes, many improvements had been made in the camp. The enrollees were getting better meals that were much better prepared.
Stokes and his officers were emphasizing participation in the educational program and there was new interest among the enrollees as this was an opportunity to "fit ourselves for more gainful occupations" after the enrollees finished their enrollment with the CCC.
Stokes had 21 students in a woodworking class. Vaughan was offering a course in high school English, and Lt. Hoffman was teaching a course in radio. The camp recreation hall had been improved with attractive seats, curtains, a mantel, new lighting fixtures and shades, two new reading rooms, and writing and card tables provided. Two pool tables had been acquired, and the wood working class had built two ping-pong tables. The company had received new tennis rackets and tennis balls, and new indoor baseball equipment.
They had also received a new mimeograph machine, which was being used to make copies of the camp newsletter. They had recently organized a "recreation club" in the camp that was strongly supported by the camp commander. The purpose of the club was to use camp talent in putting on a show every week. The club was under three "heads" that were in charge of music and dramatics, debating, and boxing. The February 12, issue of The Boggy Bayou Breeze also reported that the relationship between the local town and the camp had improved.
Many of the remarks made by the townspeople had gotten back to the camp, and there had been a general improvement over the last few weeks. The newsletter also reported that "red measles" was in the camp and there were 12 "scabies boys" in the camp hospital and another 14 confined to quarters. The February 19, issue of The Boggy Bayou Breeze recorded that the enrollees interested in boxing and wrestling had been putting on bouts for the entertainment of the fellows in camp, and it was hoped the quarantine would be lifted soon so they could "display their art before the citizens of the surrounding community.
Wade, director of the music department of the recreation club, enrollees had started a four piece band consisting of one violin, two guitars, and a mouth organ harmonica. The band was providing the camp with entertainment during their period of quarantine. It was hoped that more enrollees would join and practice singing with the new piano that had just arrived in camp. The camp education advisor CEA , Mr. Andrews, was splitting his time between the side camp and the main camp at Niceville. A rumor running around the side camp was that they would soon be building a full camp.
All of the enrollees at the side camp were talking about the full camp. Side camps were temporary camps created when the driving time to the work project made it practical to establish a smaller tent camp closer to the work. Side camps generally had 60 enrollees. Metts was located in the middle of the western half of the Choctawhatchee National Forest.
There was a fire tower there, and the location appears well suited for working on the western portion of the national forest. According to the February 26, issued of The Boggy Bayou Breeze , there were still 19 enrollees in the hospital, presumably with measles. The quarantine was expected to last another two weeks, but a premium or reward was being offered to anyone who could find a case of measles in Niceville. McGriff was willing to lift the quarantine if the town was already exposed to the measles.
Meanwhile, the enrollees were preparing for the baseball season, hoping to win the District Championship. The enrollees were also playing ping-pong and billiards, and enjoying a new reading room that had been built in the recreation hall. Another "activity" mentioned in the newsletter, although not considered a sport, was fire fighting, which was evidently taking up a great deal of the enrollees' time.
No details given about forest fires, other than "Boy, it is hot. On March 5, , The Boggy Bayou Breeze reported that there were 14 enrollees in the infirmary and six more confined to quarters. They did not consider this a high number of sick enrollees given the cold weather and the measles in camp, but as of the writing of the newsletter, the measles quarantine had finally been lifted. Unfortunately, just as the quarantine was lifted, the camp was called to a forest fire on a Saturday afternoon that they continued to fight until Sunday noon.
It was also reported in the March 5 th issue that the enrollees out on work details were finally being brought hot lunches. In the past, the working details had carried their lunches with them to the woods, and by lunch time, the lunches were not too good. Under the new system, the enrollees took mess kits into the woods World War I army surplus and hot meals were brought out to the work crews. This allowed the enrollees to get three hot meals a day and was greatly appreciated by the enrollees.
In most of the CCC camps, the camp exchange, or "canteen" was the place to get a snack, toiletries, stationery, and other personal items used during the free time in camp. Most items in the canteen sold for a nickel or a dime, and the profits raised from the sales were used to purchase other needed items for the camp. The enrollees of Company were reminded that the "old canteen checks" had to be spent before March 8 th or they would have no value.
A new type of canteen check was to be issued before the 8 th. Canteen checks, also known as coupons, were issued to the enrollees in booklets of twenty five-cent coupons. Each coupon in the booklet had a serial number to identify the enrollee. The enrollee would balance his account with the company canteen on pay day. Some CCC camps issued canteen tokens rather than the paper coupons. The enrollees were hoping that Lt. Collum wasn't a big advocate of castor oil as a cure-all.
In many of the CCC camps, a dose of castor oil, cod liver oil, or "CCC oil" was the most commonly prescribed medicine, especially when the doctor was not in camp and only an enrollee was in charge of the infirmary. The March 12 th issue also reported that the enrollees had made some improvements to Camp F-3, clearing all of the land within the camp area in preparation to planting grass seeds. For the past three or four weeks the enrollees had been digging roots and hauling the roots away in trucks.
The area was now ready for planting, and it was hoped that soon the camp grounds would be covered in grass. The educational program was receiving a new instructor for the wood-working class. The enrollees were excited about this as they would be taught to make practically any article or other fixture that they might need in their homes.
The other class to be offered was commercial study, where they would be instructed in typing, short-hand, bookkeeping, and business English. While the enrollees realized that they might not all become expert accountants or bookkeepers, the course would assist them in keeping the books and records on their farm, at a garage, or a filling station.
These courses offered education opportunities vastly different from what they had been given in the common schools prior to their enlistment in the CCC. For most enrollees, the previous school experience was being taught abstract principles of English and other languages. The courses in the CCC camps were designed to teach them something tangible that would "pay us in dollars and cents.
The wood-working class was often a favorite in the CCC camps. Not only did the class prepare the enrollees for future employment, but the enrollees could provide all the furniture and fixtures needed in the camp recreation hall, reading rooms, and other buildings. Enrollees made extra money in camp by selling furniture and other items they had made in the class. In many camps, enrollees made enough money before Christmas to afford gifts for every member of their family. The enrollees were being kept busy fighting forest fires according to the March 12, issue of The Boggy Bayou Breeze.
They had been called out to a fire at 4 o'clock in the morning. CCC leader J. Adams and assistant leader C. Bush also provided supervision to the enrollees. The fire was put out in time to make it back to the camp for breakfast. Another fire called the enrollees out of their beds at in the morning. The enrollees from the side camp returned to Metts that evening, but the enrollees from Camp F-3 fought the fire all night long.
They finally returned to Niceville at the following morning. They were fed and promptly went to bed. Some of the enrollees slept through and missed the noon chow line. The Weaver Creek fire was at that point the largest fire of the season. Davis was the Exchange Officer, and Mr. John O. Boyton was the Camp Educational Advisor. The work project was under the supervision of Y. The other Forest Service personnel assigned to the work project as foremen were S.
Ward, H. Wyman, H. McCray, Fred Hawkins, and C. According to the "company history" written for the annual, the accomplishments in the woods were "so stupendous that cold figures do not adequately express what has actually been done in the Choctawhatchee National Forest. Forest fires had been reduced to an "incredible minimum acreage of loss.
The educational program in Camp F-3 had seen steadily improvement. Two enrollees had completed their work for a high school diploma, and another 15 enrollees would be doing so in the very near future. Company boasted that they were the first camp in Florida to initiate classes in the morning. The enrollees were enjoying and getting far more benefit from the minute morning classes as they were often too tired to attend the evening classes.
Company was transferred to Otter Creek, Florida in October of where they established Camp P on October 2 nd and worked on private timberlands. Company , was transferred from Homerville, Georgia and established Camp Army-1 at Niceville on October 1, and assisted in the construction of the landing field and other structures for the Army Air Corps at Eglin Air Field.
Their stories tell the story of America. The soldier has a common image; and yet, there is a segment of WWII veterans that were inducted into the rigid military environment already armed with experiences that would put them ahead of the game. That experience was the Civilian Conservation Corps.
The four presidential terms of Franklin D. Roosevelt were plagued with one national crisis after another. Amid the social and economic unrest, the American public was becoming disgruntled about their prospects for the future. In as FDR's campaign song, "Happy Days are Here Again", sang out across the nation the hope of citizens was lifted to new heights and he was elected in a landslide victory over Herbert Hoover.
Inaugurated on March 4, , America's 32 nd Commander and Chief was talking the helm of a troubled land. Unemployment ravaged the ranks of the old, the handicapped, the uneducated and the young. Available jobs went to the breadwinner and in many cases those wages were not adequate to support the family. President Roosevelt was aware that he needed to get people back to work. Roosevelt acted quickly. On March 21, the President sent a message to the 73 rd congress: "I propose to create a civilian conservation corps to be used in simple work, not interfering with normal employment, and confining itself to forestry, the prevention of soil erosion, flood control and similar projects.
More important, however, than material gains, will be the moral and spiritual value of such work. It became commonly referred to as the Civilian Conservation Corps. On April 5, Robert Fechner, an organized labor leader, was named by executive order as the Executive Director. Determined to save America's youth from the "moral dry rot" that accompanied excessive unemployment he set about to save two of the nation's most valuable nature resources: men and land.
The plan was straight forward: The War Department would transport, feed, clothe, shelter, educate and provide health services. The Department of Agriculture and Interior developed natural resource improvement projects. The Department of Labor identified those on relief and the unemployed. The War Department was the only entity with the infrastructure to provide logistics for such a large body of men and the transport of enrollees amounted to the largest peace-time movement of people recorded in America to that date.
Eventually, this plan placed the responsibility of millions of young men within the care of the military system. CCC camps were manned with approximately people that included enrollees, military leadership and the conservation project staff. The enrollee requirements were simple: unemployed, unmarried, healthy and between the ages of 17 - Their youthful appearance soon gave way to the nickname of "CCC Boys" which is still commonly used today.
The CCC development plan called for , men to be enrolled by July The military logistics system made this possible and was the nucleus of the CCC program. After WW I, the military recognized a need to segment the nation into the nine corps of the Army.
Each corps was commanded by a General officer and the CCC fell into alignment with this military structure. From the General Officer at the corps level to the Camp Commander, the military was in charge except during the eight hour work day which was spent on natural resource conservation projects. As the program matured, the resemblance of the military lifestyle developed a cadre of men who were accustomed to the multicultural communal living arrangements that mimicked the military environment.
From the very beginning, CCC boys began and ended their day with reveille and retreat, slept in military tents or barracks, wore WWI surplus military clothing, ate in the mess hall, and the military maintained all records and pay responsibilities. The daily routine associated with personal hygiene, laundry, inspections, and other types of self improvement was a change for many unaccustomed to indoor plumbing and the discipline necessary for positive personal deportment.
The Camp Commander was the highest authority. Many camp duties reflected the military procedure. The company clerk who worked for the Camp Commander kept the camp records and was accustomed to official forms and process. The cooks who worked under the Mess Sergeant became familiar with the military culinary procedure for preparation, food safety, ordering and storage. Records indicate that 45, truck drivers were trained annually.
Knowing how to drive a truck safely, the motor pool system, truck maintenance and mechanics, was a favorite position within the camp but also provided a skill to the CCC enrollee as he moved into the private sector or into the military. Leader positions in the CCC were many times compared to the rank of Sergeant and the CCC employee could move laterally into the military system.
Generally speaking, CCC enrollees achieved rank earlier and many made permanent careers in the military or the conservation agencies. These opportunities might never have come to pass without the stint in the CCC. Regular and reserve Officers of all branches of service were pulled into the CCC program. The CCC leadership role developed practical experiences which the reserve officer normally would not have received during peace-time. Records indicate that there were mixed feelings among some reserve officers about serving on active duty in a CCC Camp.
After all, the CCC enrollees were not soldiers and the pomp and circumstance associated with the officer corps was not available in remote rural communities. As America anxiously watched the war in Europe escalate, President Roosevelt declared a limited national emergency. In the National Defense Act changed the educational policies. Training included many military based skills such as Morse code, radio operation and maintenance, welding, aircraft maintenance, auto mechanics, and clerk-typing.
Other training that was an asset to the national defense system was also available. Camps were placed on military bases and enrollees built airfields, ammunition ranges, storage areas, and many other kinds of military buildings. By the end of the CCC in , it was less involved in conservation and almost entirely a civil defense organization. Today scholars still question the success of New Deal programs and their lasting affect on the stability of the American economy.
Hope that comforted the economically depressed and hope that gave people courage to wish for something better to take root as America moved into a great time of trial - the second World War. Army, Commanding. In the thirty-seven months of its existence, still going strong at the time this is written Company has had eleven Company Commanders; Captain Walter Bigsby, Captain B.
Tew, Captain W. Bridges, Captain D. Haven, 1 st Lieutenant L. Stokes, Captain R. Cuttle, 2 nd Lieutenant Ellis L. Forrester, Captain E. Dickey, and 1 st Lieutenant H. The site selected for this camp was at first a blackjack thicket, growing in white sand, devoid of fertility and which would have been most discouraging to any less determined leaders than those with which the company has had the good fortune to draw.
The camp site has been converted into a veritable oasis under the inspired leadership of the various leaders. Green lawns stretch over the wide expanses and flowers of various hues, both native and domesticated, bloom continuously from early Spring to late Fall.
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Walk-ways through the lawns are hedged with a native flowering sage, and red rock outline the parks, which extend throughout the length of the Camp, in front of the barracks. Vine-covered retreats for summer lounging were designed and constructed during the past Sprig, and have added materially to an already highly satisfactory landscape. The accomplishments of the boys "in the woods" is so stupendous that cold figures do not adequately express what has actually been done in the Choctawhatchee National Forest, largest National Forest in the south.
Millions of seedlings raised and planted; hundreds of miles of roads and trails constructed and maintained; bridges, both wooden and concrete, built across dozens of crystal clear streams; section after section improved in timber stand by release of pines from worthless growth; millions of feet of lumber marketed and thousands of barrels of turpentine and resin manufactures; fires held down to an incredible minimum acreage of loss; miles of telephone line constructed; buildings and towers erected and countless other things, some small, some large, but all important.
Educationally the affairs of the company have advanced steadily so that this year there were two high school boys who completed their work for graduation and at least fifteen more who will do so in the near future. Company was the first Company in Florida, it is reported, to adopt the morning hours for classes - attended by the entire Company. Forty-five minutes every morning is devoted to school activities.
The men enjoy it, and are getting many times more benefit than from night classes, when they were too tired to attend. Civilian Conservation Corps. Presswork and Typography by Ruralist Press, Inc. Engravings by Shreveport Engraving company, Shreveport, Louisiana. The school was destroyed by a hurricane in Cook, Jim Phillips, Allen, Sr.
Adams, A. Frasier, Raymond Grace, Joel C. Helms, Ira F. McCullough, Willis J. Weekley and Vincent A.
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Leaders: M. Ellison, Assistant Leaders: Clyde V. Crosby, James R. Helms, Willis Whitfield and Joel L. Nathey is sitting on the front bumper. Hughie Holmes is sitting behind the cab of the truck. He was Niceville's first marshall. History of Company from Fla. Haven't you heard of us? The best company in the Civilian Conservation Corps is yours. I'm a liar, am I? Just read about us. The company was originally men practically all from northeast and north counties of Florida.
All being sent to Fort Benning, Georgia, for our preliminary training and examination for the Civilian Conservation Corps. On May 18, , the company received its entraining order at p. In record time the entire company, with all equipment, was aboard four passenger and one baggage coach en-route to Niceville, Fla.
By that afternoon all men and equipment had been established in a temporary camp on the Niceville School grounds. Do you remember our first meal here? Sergeant Meadows and Sergeant Brooks had a good hot supper for us, and was it good! While in temporary camp forty local men selected by the Forest Service were enrolled. This brought our authorized company strength to two hundred and twelve. In a few days after our arrival, a large number were turned over to the Forest Service, to begin their duties as members of the Civilian Conservation Corps. In the Choctawhatchee National Forest of approximately , acres.
This being under direct supervision of John H. Navy Stone, project superintendent and his staff. Principal Forest Ranger E. Construction of fourteen buildings was done by members of the company - also the recreation grounds were built by the men. These consist of a baseball diamond, four tennis courts, two volley ball courts, handball court and boxing ring. It is easily seen that recreational facilities are plentiful.
Our first season of athletics was favorable. Seventy-five per cent of all football games won. Nine out of fourteen baseball games won and other athletics in like proportion. Our newer members of Camp Bigby, Company , are from the central and southeast counties of Florida. Having been sent to Ft. Barrancas, Fla. This company has been extremely fortunate in having new enrollees of the highest type for replacements. There have been to date two new groups of new enrollees.
Company has established a fine reputation in this and adjoining counties as to character, also quantity and quality of work accomplished. At a. The company's average time for getting out of camp on fire duty is less than three and one-half minutes. Our officers to date have been Captain Walter A. Bigby, 67 th Infantry medium tanks , our first commanding officer in whose honor this camp was named. It is to him that we owe most of our fine work and good times in the Civilian Conservation Corps. Captain Ben L. Finally Captain Dwight E.
Haven, QMC-Res. The junior officers have been lst Lieut. Bridges, 1 st Lieut. James M. Officers that were with us for a short period of time were Captain Haag and lst Lieut. Moore, also 2 nd Lieut. Harry F. Hansen, and lst Lieut. Ivy B. Sorrels, Inf-Res. As to our location we are nineteen miles south of Crestview on state road No.
Company has a reputation for readiness and willingness to work at any hour and place that is well earned. They have done, are doing and will continue to do their best to maintain the reputation of the best company in the Civilian Conservation Corps. Several members of this company have been promoted to responsible jobs with the Forest Service. This merely goes to show the high calibre of the men of this company. Dwight E. Haven, Q. First Lieut.
Sorrells, Inf. Hansen, Inf. Collins, Project superintendent; L. Andrews, A. McGriff, M. Surgeon; L. Barber, 1 st Sergeant. Names taken from the roster - these men are from Niceville. Among Leaders : J. Helms, Huey Holmes, J. Helms, S. Johnston, W. Purvis, and J. Adkinson, R. Aldrich, J. Cain, Bill Davis, W. Davis, B. Garrett, J. Gray, Carl Grace, J. Mathews, W. Nathey, W. Owens, R. Padgett, J. Phillips, H. Reaves, R. Reaves, Z. Smith and B. The CCC men formed bucket brigades and in cooperation with the fire crews of the Choctawhatchee national forest did yoemen service in saving buildings and stocks of merchandise, after three grocery stores, a dry goods store, creamery, post office building, hotel, drug store and fish warehouses were destroyed.
There was no running water with which to combat the flames and it appeared for a time that the town would be completely destroyed until the forest fire fighters and CCC workers took charge. Pearce, who was home for the past week end. Matthews is a victim of a back injury suffered in a fall. Cox has a scalp wound, sustained when he fell off a pile driver.
Carman, an ambulance driver, and O. Ogburn have measles. Most of the Gadsden county boys are plannig to reenlist for another term. Those who have served two encampment periods may reenter for a term of three months, and those who have been in camp but one term can enroll for a full period of six months. Poppell is serving as ambulance driver during the illness of Carman. Jones is another Gadsden county youth who is quite active at the camp.
He is president of the recreational club, and right now is busy organizing a young men's democratic club. Pearce has the rank of senior first aid man. The federal government has just announced its approval of quite a number of camps for the corps Civilian Conservation Corps. Gadsden countians who are members of Company , Civilian Conservatin Corps, in camp at Niceville, are enjoying their stay, according to W.
Pearce, of Quincy, who was home recently visiting relatives. They plan another of their big, pleasurable dances and it will be held at the camp on Saturday evening, May The "Southerners," well known local musical organization, directed by Curtis Davidson, will provide the music for the event and the public is invited. Greene, of Greensboro, a member of the camp, is developing into a first rate baseball pitcher, according to Pearce.
He went the whole route sucessfully in a game recently with the boys from the Panama City camp. Captain G. Bridges, who has been in charge of the camp, is now confined to the hospital at Fort Barancas, and has been succeeded by Captain Dwight E. Haven, of Tampa. Captain Bridges will retire from the work as soon as he is released from the hospital.
The original commanding officer of the camp, Captain Walter A. Bigby, is now stationed at Fort Benning, near Columbus, Ga. Charles "Jake" Toole, of Quincy, has indicated that he will enlist under Captain Bigby as soon as he is discharged from Niceville. Thirty nine Florida boys have been enrolled for a term at Niceville. The Company was called into being April 30, , with Capt. Walter Bigby as Camp Commander from whom it derived its name. The junior officers were Capt. Hagg, Executive Officer, 1 st.
Stone, Proj. McKee and Clinton G. Smith, Forest supervisor of the entire Choctawhatchee National Forest, containing at that time about 20, acres. On Sept. Bigby returned to his permanent company at Ft. Tew, who served in this capacity until about February, , when he was succeeded by Capt. Stokes, succeeded him. Our present Mess Officer is 1 st Lt. Andrews came to camp as Educational Advisor, March 13, It would be futile to attempt to convince the boys of Co. The leaders and assistant leaders will be listed elsewhere in this issue.
We do, and until disproved, we shall see it thus. What constitutes an outstanding Camp? We believe District, together with Corps Area would designate that camp which is running the most smoothly and has the highest morale, the best camp. Since Lt. Stokes has taken command of the camp, improvements have followed improvements. We are getting better meals as a result and they are much better prepared. New interest is being manifested in our Educational Program. Stokes with his entire staff, is interested in seeing us take advantage of the opportunity to fit ourselves for more gainful occupations after our term of enrollment is out.
He has an enrollment of twenty-one boys in his woodworking class. Vaughan is offering a course in High School English, Lt. Hoffman is teaching us radio. Our recreation room has been moved inside, attractive seats have been provided, curtains, a mantel, new lighting fixtures, shades, two new reading rooms, writing and card tables have been provided. Two pool tables have been provided while the woodworking class has built two "brand new" ping pong tables. We have new tennis rackets, tennis balls and new indoor baseball equipment.
We have a new mimeograph machine which is possible this camp paper, our medium of expression. A more friendly relation is being established between the members of our camp and the people of the surrounding community. We have heard many remarks from the people of Niceville that there has been a general improvement in the last few weeks.
Our District Chaplain made the remark, on one of his recent visits, what there was a very marked improvement in the entire camp morale. He said something about esprit de corps, but we forgive him for calling us that. We feel we have one of the best liked chaplains in Corps Area, and always look forward to the time for him to be with us again. We realize that he is really a friend of ours. President Roosevelt, a friend of all alike, conceived the idea of this organization before he was nominated by the Democratic Party for the Presidency.
From the study of statistics he learned that around 3,, mostly young men, were idle during normal non-depression times. He knew many young men out of employment became dissatisfied with life and often became criminals. If our boys could be placed in some organization that would furnish them remunerative work to the government, and at the same time care for them and their families who needed help, and were worthy, it would not only save to the nation those boys as useful citizens, but would raise the morale of the entire country.
The greatest opportunity seemed to offer itself in the forest. Hence we feel very grateful to our far seeing president for this opportunity to serve our country as well as ourselves in this great conservation movement. Can there be any question, judging from past results, that this achievement will go down in history as the greatest accomplishment of this outstanding age of achievements in the United States. This is indeed a significant fact in the rapid growth of education in any country. The percentage is higher in urban than in rural communities.
In some cities almost the entire population of these ages are in school. Education is rising to higher and higher levels. What can be more encouraging for the future of our Capital Democracy in which the people rule, than the fact a large percentage are acquainting themselves with what constitutes a good and well governed Democracy? When Alexander Hamilton said, "Your common people are a beast" he means those who are uneducated.
In a country where talent has a chance to rise, all who possibly can, should avail themselves of as good education as possible. That is why President Roosevelt, in his wisdom has made it possible for the boys in the CCC Camp to continue their education during enrollment.
Thousands of us fellows will go back home better prepared to assume leadership in our respective communities. Sick and Sickening : Well the scabies boys are still scabbing. We still have twelve of them on the scratching list but I am afraid we will loose five of them Sunday. Jones says he "Sure wants to get out of isolation" I think all will be glad to get out of the "Cooks Quarters". One more case of Red Measles today. Know what that means, don't you boys? Can't see your gals for another two weeks. I think we are all glad to see our first Sgt. McGriff and I tried to keep "Moses" out of the hospital but in spite of all we could do he had to go in.
He is now in the Naval Hospital. Let's all hope he gets along O. There are twelve men in the hospital now and one waiting for the ambulance to come back so he can go. We have fourteen in quarters now. Oh yes, we have a new infirmary dude with us, George Finnie Williams, sounds like an Alabama name. It was well attended and very much appreciated by all the enrollees. Quite a few of "the new boys" had their first experience Thursday night at fighting an all night forest fire.
A Recreation Club, staunchly supported by the Camp Commander, was organized this week. The purpose of this club is to use camp talent in putting on one program each week. The club is under three heads which are: Music and Dramatics, Debating, and Boxing. The meeting was one in which very much interest was manifested by those present. Wade Around forty men have already enrolled in this club. It is strange some people don't realize the happiness they can find in helping others. As it's natural for the sun to give light, the clouds refreshing rain, flowers beauty and perfume, so it is natural for us to give.
After enrollee Barber had dropped a nickel into Finck's pay telephone and waited 5 minutes he was asked what he was waiting for.